Summary of the Discussion

  • Bertil Ohlin
  • Per-Ove Hesselborn
  • Per Magnus Wijkman


Part of the discussion concerned the quantitative importance of different kinds of labour quality changes. In particular, the effects of health, education and learning by doing were emphasised. A second issue was the alleged importance of demand side effects. A third issue concerned the interrelation between the structure of protection and sectoral differences in labour adjustment costs. Finally, the paper’s ‘asymmetrical’ assumption that learning by doing could occur in the import-competing but not in the export sector was questioned. This session was chaired by William H. Branson.


Foreign Producer Export Sector Piece Rate Sectoral Difference Export Diversification 
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  1. 1.
    Michael, R., 1972, The Effect of Education on Efficiency in Consumption (New York: NBER, 1972).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Grossman, M., The Demand for Health (New York: NBER, 1972).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Andersson, E., ‘Merit Goods and Micro-Economic Dependence’, in Culyer, A. J., Halberstadt, V. (eds.), Public Economics and Human Resources, IIFP (Leiden, 1977).Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Cf. for example Stecher, B., Erfolgsbedingungen der Import substitution und der Export diver sifizierung im Industrialisierungsprozess (Conditions for Success of Import Substitution and Export Diversification in the Process of Industrialization), Kieler Studie 136 (Tubingen, 1976).Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Cf. Donges, J. B., et al., Protektion und Branchenstruktur der westdeutschen Wirtschaft (Protection and Industrial Structure of the West German Economy), Kieler Studie 123 (Tübingen, 1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Nobel Foundation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bertil Ohlin
  • Per-Ove Hesselborn
  • Per Magnus Wijkman

There are no affiliations available

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