Philosophy in the grand style requires plenty of capital letters: Being, the Self, Substance, Reality and so on. Its practitioners have to construct metaphysical systems and deal with cosmology. The truths about the universe are large, static, universal Truths on which particular facts of experience have little bearing. The Truths have a religious flavour; discovering them is a job for sages. Philosophy is constructive, not critical. Just such heavy, elaborate, authoritarian ways of thinking were the prevailing philosophical orthodoxies against which early Buddhism and Russell reacted. That their reactions led to some very similar philosophical conclusions was not, I think, a matter of similar reactions to similar orthodoxies, because the respective orthodoxies (the Brāhmanical tradition and neo-Hegelian Idealism) were not similar except in the rather general way I have indicated.
KeywordsMental State Simple Object Descriptive Content Separate Object Philosophical Ethic
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