The Virgin Lands: The Balance Sheet

  • Martin McCauley
Part of the Studies in Russian and East European History book series (SREEHS)


To attempt a cost analysis of the new lands is to undertake a task of incredible complexity. Considering the paucity of information available on the subject and the difficulties of interpreting the available Soviet data, no claims are made that the following remarks touch more than the tip of the proverbial iceberg.


Soil Erosion Dust Storm Balance Sheet Spring Wheat Wind Erosion 
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  1. 17.
    F. T. Morgun, Dumy o tseline, 2nd ed. (Moscow, 1969) p. 81.Google Scholar
  2. 19.
    A. I. Baraev (ed.), Osnovnye polozheniya po borbe s vodnoi i vetrouoi eroziei pochv, (Moscow, 1962).Google Scholar
  3. 21.
    T. A. Koval, Zernovoe khozyaistvo SSSR, (Moscow, 1965) p. 71.Google Scholar
  4. 27.
    Ekonomicheskaya Gazeta, 8 Aug 1964. Cf. W. G. Hahn, The Politics of Soviet Agriculture, 1960–1970, (Baltimore and London, 1972) pp. 26–32.Google Scholar
  5. 31.
    A. I. Baraev, A. A. Zaitseva, E. F. Gossen, Borba s vetrovoi eroziei pochv, (Alma-Ata, 1963) p. 10. There were also dust storms during the autumn of 1962 which affected Virgin Land krai, West Kazakhstan oblast, and neighbouring oblasti, of the RSFSR.Google Scholar
  6. 37.
    A. I. Baraev, Selskoe Khozyaistvo Kazakhstana, no. 3 (1969) p. 14.Google Scholar
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    A. A. Konshin (ed.), Ekonomika sovkhozov i kolkhozov tselinnykh raionov, (Moscow-Tselinograd, 1964) p. 239. Unfortunately the author does not indicate what percentage of the total this area represents.Google Scholar
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    Preobrazhennaya step, (Alma-Ata, 1967) p. 249. Another writer puts the area surveyed during 1954 and 1955 at 93 million ha and the area designated as fit for cultivation at 20 million ha. I. D. Yakovlev, Vtoraya zhitnitsa strany, (Moscow, 1957) p. 24.Google Scholar
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    Pravda, 13 Feb 1964; C. Zoerb, ‘The Virgin Land Territory: Plans, Performance, Prospects’, in R. D. Laird and E. L. Crowley (eds.), Soviet Agriculture: The Permanent Crisis, (New York, 1965) p. 38.Google Scholar
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    J. Warkentin (ed.), Canada: A Geographical Interpretation, (Toronto, 1968) p. 426.Google Scholar

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© Martin McCauley 1976

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  • Martin McCauley

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