Implications of Changes in Agriculture for Social Relationships at the Village Level: the Case of Randam
It has been widely supposed that the cash inputs required for the successful adoption of the new technology, together with the enhanced profitability of cereal cultivation, will substantially increase the level of commercialisation in South Asian agriculture; accelerate the incorporation of villages into regional and national market networks; create or further expand a capitalist sector in agriculture; and further increase economic differentiation. The most important social implications of these processes are thought to be that, whereas in the past employment was offered within a traditional set of social relations involving a range of obligations and sanctions, it will come to depend on the cash nexus; that, in place of vertical alliances with landowners and bigger farmers, the labourers and small farmers will seek security in horizontal alliances with other members of their own group, or with outside political authorities; in other words, that increasing ‘proletarianisation’ will take place.
KeywordsLabour Demand Female Labour Green Revolution Village Level Male Labour
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