Advertisement

Implications of Changes in Agriculture for Social Relationships at the Village Level: the Case of Randam

  • John Harriss
Part of the Cambridge Commonwealth Series book series (CAMCOM)

Abstract

It has been widely supposed that the cash inputs required for the successful adoption of the new technology, together with the enhanced profitability of cereal cultivation, will substantially increase the level of commercialisation in South Asian agriculture; accelerate the incorporation of villages into regional and national market networks; create or further expand a capitalist sector in agriculture; and further increase economic differentiation. The most important social implications of these processes are thought to be that, whereas in the past employment was offered within a traditional set of social relations involving a range of obligations and sanctions, it will come to depend on the cash nexus; that, in place of vertical alliances with landowners and bigger farmers, the labourers and small farmers will seek security in horizontal alliances with other members of their own group, or with outside political authorities; in other words, that increasing ‘proletarianisation’ will take place.

Keywords

Labour Demand Female Labour Green Revolution Village Level Male Labour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Béteille, A. (1969). ‘Politics of Non-Antagonistic Strata’, Contributions to Indian Sociology, New Series, 3, 17–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Béteille, A. (1972). Inequality and Social Change, Delhi, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Béteille, A. (1974). Studies in Agrarian Social Structure, Delhi, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Breman, J. (1974). Patronage and Exploitation, Changing Agrarian Social Relations in South Gujarat, India, Berkeley, University of California Press.Google Scholar
  5. Byres, T. J. (1972). ‘The Dialectic of India’s Green Revolution’, S. Asian Rev., 5, 99–116.Google Scholar
  6. Dumont, L. (1966). Homo Hierarchicus, Paris, Gallimard English Translation: London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1970.Google Scholar
  7. Epstein, Scarlett (1967). ‘Productive Efficiency and Customary Systems of Rewards in Rural South India’ in R. Firth (ed.), Themes in Economic Anthropology, London, Tavistock Publications.Google Scholar
  8. Epstein, Scarlett (1973). South India: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, London, Macmillan.Google Scholar
  9. Foster-Carter, A. (1974). ‘Neo-Marxist Approaches to Development and Underdevelopment’, in E. De Kadt and G. Williams, (eds), Sociology and Development, London, Tavistock Publications.Google Scholar
  10. Gough, Kathleen (1973). ‘Harijans in Thanjavur’ in Kathleen Gough and H. P. Sharma (eds), Imperialism and Revolution in South Asia, New York, Monthly Rev. Pr.Google Scholar
  11. Meillassoux, C. (1973). ‘Are there castes in India?’ Econ. and Soc., 3, 89–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Scott, J. C. (1972). ‘The Erosion of Patron—Client Bonds and Social Change in Rural SE. Asia’, J. Asian Studies, 32, 5–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Thompson, E. P. (1968). The Making of the English Working Class, Harmondsworth, Pengu in Books.Google Scholar
  14. Wolf, E. (1966). ‘Kinship, Friendship and Patron—Client Relations in Complex Societies’, in M. Banton (ed.), The Social Anthropology of Complex Societies, London, Tavistock Publications.Google Scholar
  15. Wood, G. (1973). The Process of Differentiation among the Peasantry in Desipur, Bihar,.North India, IDS Discussion Paper no. 24, University of Sussex.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Harriss

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations