Direct Investment and Multi-national Enterprise

  • H. Peter Gray


Colonial ties facilitated the combination of capital and technology from rich countries with the cheap labour and natural resources of the colonial territories by reducing to a minimum the political and physical risks involved. Colonialism ceased to be an important force after World War Two and movements of factors have to take place between separate and sovereign states — albeit states of different military and economic power. These movements of factors can take place between the erstwhile colonial power and independent dominions (the United Kingdom and Canada and Australia) or between an erstwhile mother country and a tropical ex-colony (France and the Ivory Coast) and between nations that have never had peacetime political connections (Japan and Thailand). These flows of investment must all be seen as international investment and must involve the risk of expropriation or nationalization.


Direct Foreign Investment Foreign Investment Direct Investment Foreign Market Vertical Integration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 5.
    Caves, ‘International Corporations: The Industrial Economics of Foreign Investment’, Economica n.s. (February 1971), pp. 1–27.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© H. Peter Gray 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Peter Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.Belle MeadUSA

Personalised recommendations