Joseph Conrad pp 105-118 | Cite as

Rhetoric and Ideology in Conrad’s Under Western Eyes

  • Andrzej Busza


Unlike many modern rhetoricians, though like Cicero and Quintilian, Conrad held a holistic view of the art of writing. He did not separate the author and the work, ethics and style. He believed that ‘all writing worthy of the name is temperamental’;1 and while embracing the Flaubertian ideal that a work of fiction, like poetry, ‘should carry its justification in every line’, defined art itself in ethical terms, ‘as a single-minded attempt to render the highest kind of justice to the visible universe.’2


Secret Agent Visible Universe High Kind Political Essay Contestatory Strategy 
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  1. 3.
    Albert J. Guerard, Conrad the Novelist (Cambridge, Mass., 1958), p. 1.Google Scholar
  2. W. H. Williamson, The Traitor’s Wife (London, 1908).Google Scholar
  3. 32.
    Richard Curle, The Last Twelve Tears of Joseph Conrad (New York, 1928), p. 26.Google Scholar
  4. 46.
    Mikhail Bakhtin, Problemy poetiki Dostoevskogo (Moscow, 1963), chap. 1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1976

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  • Andrzej Busza

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