Community law now constitutes an integral part of the member-countries’ legal system. The courts in those countries must implement Community law in litigation within their own jurisdiction where Community law requires. A number of treaty provisions impose, in binding and self-sufficient terms, obligations on the member-states, the acceptance of which confers both rights and obligations on individuals which must be upheld by the municipal courts in those states.
KeywordsNational Court Custom Duty Supreme Court Private Capacity Treaty Provision
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