The Development Path of China

  • Norman B. Scott


The People’s Republic is now almost twenty-five years old. This is little in relation to China’s three thousand years of unbroken, independent civilisation. It is also a very short time -barely the space of one generation — in which to master the problem of economic backwardness. In this chapter an attempt is made to capture the essence of what had to be done to modernise China, what has been attempted and what has been achieved.


Development Path Heavy Industry Cultural Revolution Great Leap Material Incentive 
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  1. 1.
    D. H. Perkins, et al., Agricultural Development in China 1368–1968 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1969).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    In terms of cultivated acreage per male farmer the following comparisons are of interest (around 1950): China, 10 acres; Indian sub-continent, 8 acres; Africa, 6 acres; USSR, 81 acres; USA, 208 acres. Colin Clark, The Conditions of Economic Progress (London: Macmillan, 1960), quoted byGoogle Scholar
  3. N. R. Chen and W. Galenson, The Chinese Economy under Communism (Chicago: Aldine, 1969).Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Textiles alone, produced by 859 factories, account for 42–4% of total industrial production in 1933. On Pa Sin, China’s National Income in 1933 (Shanghai, 1947).Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    During the twelve months up to September 1958 the amount of stone and earth removed in land melioration works (58,000 million cubic metres) was the equivalent of digging 300 Panama Canals! E. C. Wheelwright and Bruce McFarlane, The Chinese Road to Socialism (New York, 1970).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Institute for Labour Studies 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman B. Scott

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