Development Paths in Tanzania

  • Guy Routh


There was a time, not so long ago, when it was thought that all that was needed was the removal of the imperial yoke, and then all good things would follow. This was a plausible view, for Hobson and, following him, Lenin, had taught us that the imperial powers were drawing great wealth from their colonial empires.2 Once this process were ended, this wealth would surely be freed for the betterment of those from whose land and labour it was drawn?


Minimum Wage Trade Union Industrial Relation Development Path Income Policy 


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  1. 2.
    J. A. Hobson, Imperialism (London: Allen and Unwin, 1902);Google Scholar
  2. V. I. Lenin, Imperialism (Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1951).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    One of the popular European apologia for the slave trade was that since Africa was not Christian, all its inhabitants were predestined to eternal damnation, from which their transportation to America and conversion to Christianity could save them. It is only in the last half-century that the riches of African culture have been revealed to the Western eye. See e.g. Basil Davidson, The Growth of African Civilisation, East and Central Africa to the Late Nineteenth Century (London: Longman, 1967).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See Gideon S. Were, ‘The Western Bantu Peoples from A. D. 1300 to 1800’, in B. A. Ogot and J. A. Kieran, Zamani, a Survey of East African History (Dares Salaam: East African Publishing House and Longmans, 1968).Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    See e.g. A. G. Frank, Capitalism and Underdevelopment in Latin America (New York: Modern Reader Paperbacks, 1967).Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    William H. Friedland, Vuta Kamba: the Development of Trade Unions in Tanganyika (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1969) p. 20.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    E. A. Statistical Department, Tanganyika Unit, Statistical Abstract, 1960.Google Scholar
  8. 18.
    See ILO, Year Book of Labour Statistics, 1966 and 1968.Google Scholar
  9. 20.
    Tanzania, Ministry of Information, Report of the Presidential Commission on the National Union of Tanganyika Workers (Dar es Salaam: Government Printer, 1967); and Proposals of the Tanzania Government on the Recommendations of the Presidential Commission of Enquiry into the National Union of Tanganyika Workers (N. U. T. A.), Government Paper no. 2–1967, (Dares Salaam: Government Printer, 1967).Google Scholar
  10. 22.
    The United Republic of Tanzania, Background to the Budget, 1968–69 (Dares Salaam: Government Printer, 1968) table 62, p. 81.Google Scholar
  11. 28.
    United Republic of Tanzania, Tanzania Second Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development, 1st July 1969 – 30th June 1974 (Dares Salaam: Government Printer, 1969) vol. I: General Analysis, pp. viii ff.Google Scholar
  12. 31.
    The United Republic of Tanzania, The Annual Plan for 1972/73 (Dares Salaam: Government Printer, 1972).Google Scholar
  13. 33.
    See L. Berry, D. Conyers and J. McKay, District Plans? A Review of Aims and Attainments in Tanzania, paper presented at the 1970 Universities of East Africa Social Science Conference, Dares Salaam (Dec 1970).Google Scholar
  14. 40.
    In J. H. Proctor (ed.), Building Ujamaa Villages in Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam Studies in Political Science no. 2 (Dares Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House, 1971).Google Scholar
  15. 45.
    International Labour Office, Report to the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania on Wages, Incomes and Prices Policy, Government Paper no. 3 – 1967.Google Scholar
  16. The Government’s policy is elaborated in Wages, Incomes, Rural Development, Investment and Price Policy, Government Paper no. 4 – 1967 (Dar es Salaam: Government Printer, 1967).Google Scholar
  17. 50.
    I draw these details from M. A. Bienefeld, ‘Workers, Unions and Development in Tanzania’, in Richard Sandbrook and Ronald Cohen, The Development of an African Working Class (London: Longmans, 1975).Google Scholar
  18. 58.
    Jolly et al., ‘The Pilot Missions under the World Employment Programme’, paper delivered to the Meeting on Evaluation of Comprehensive Employment Missions, ILO, Geneva (7–9 Mar 1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Institute for Labour Studies 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guy Routh

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