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The New Idea of Self-Governing Colonies of Settlement

  • John Manning Ward
Part of the Cambridge Commonwealth Series book series

Abstract

‘A very different way of thinking’ about empire became prevalent as England was being industrialised, wrote Richard Pares in 1937.3 For a long time, historians were too interested in the rejection of mercantilism in the 1840s to appreciate correctly what Pares called the ‘positive theory of empire’, the beginnings of which were coeval with the coming of free trade. Belief in active colonisation by settlement was a vital part of the ‘positive theory of empire’ and involved a sense of imperial destiny through self-governing colonies, which would inherit British culture and enjoy British institutions. Over forty years ago W. P. Morrell suggested that a ‘new imperialism’ had begun ‘with the great migration of the second quarter of the nineteenth century’.4 In 1970 A. G. L. Shaw reached a similar, rather more extensive conclusion: ‘Very broadly, in place of the old conception of empire, based largely on the alleged advantages of controlling imperial trade, … a new one was arising, based on humanitarianism, migration and investment’.5

Keywords

Political Economist Free Trade Responsible Government Systematic Colonisation Select Committee 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© John Manning Ward 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Manning Ward
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SydneyAustralia

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