Two-Realms Arguments

  • William Harvey Austin
Part of the Library of Philosophy and Religion book series


Many of those who believe that natural science has no bearing on theology would consider that the instrumentalist arguments are over-subtle and fail to get to the heart of the matter. The simple and direct reason for the irrelevance of science to theology, many would say, is that they deal with entirely different ‘areas’ or ‘realms’, so that science has nothing to do with what religion is about.


Natural Science Scientific Statement Christian Doctrine Scientific Account Existential Relation 
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  1. 1.
    Cf. Peter Alexander, ‘Complementary Descriptions’, Mind, LXV (1956), p. 164.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W.T. Stace, Time and Eternity ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1952 ), p. 79.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Karl Heim, Christian Faith and Natural Science (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1957); The Transformation of the Scientific World View (New York: Harper, 1953); The World: Its Creation and Consummation ( Philadelphia: Muhlenberg Press, 1962 ).Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    For this story see Loren Eiseley, Darwin’s Century (Garden City, New York: Doubleday Anchor Books, 1961), ch. IX.Google Scholar
  5. 25.
    See D.M. MacKay, ‘Complementary Descriptions’, Mind, LXVI (1957), pp. 390–4; ‘Complementarity II’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, supp. vol. XXXII (1958), pp. 105–22; ‘ “Complementarity” in Scientific and Theological Thinking’, Zygon, IX (1974), pp. 225–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 27.
    See Alexander (op. cit. note 1) and Hugo Adam Bedau, ‘Complementarity and the Relation between Science and Religion’, Zygon IX (1974), pp. 202–24.Google Scholar

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© William Harvey Austin 1976

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  • William Harvey Austin

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