The truce which the Franco-Prussian War had imposed on the struggle between the Marxists and Bakuninists in the International lasted rather more than six months. In March 1871 strife flared up again at Geneva. Utin, having secured the expulsion of Bakunin and his friends from the central Geneva section, now set out to exclude them from the International altogether by declaring that the Geneva section of the Alliance had never been regularly admitted by the General Council. Bitter controversy raged at Geneva, while the question was referred to London. The General Council, unwilling to support the Alliance, but unable to deny its credentials, waited for three months before officially confirming them; and the delay confirmed Bakunin’s suspicion, which rests on slender evidence, that Utin’s action had been prompted by Marx. The whole issue of the Alliance could not be evaded much longer. The General Council considered that the European situation was not yet sufficiently stable to admit of a public congress of the International, and summoned a private conference to meet in London in September.1
KeywordsGeneral Council Revolutionary Movement Saturday Afternoon Trump Card European Situation
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