The case of the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania is in a number of respects different from that of the other Eastern European countries which found themselves with Communist regimes by the end of the 1940s. The Communist ‘takeover’, if such it was, occurred before the entry of the Soviet Union into the war: all three countries lost their sovereign independence in return for membership of the family of Soviet Socialist Republics: the Soviet Union played an all-important role in the events of 1939–40, to the extent that the term ‘Soviet takeover’ would be far more appropriate in the context of the Baltic States.


Foreign Policy Interim Report Foreign Minister Baltic State Soviet Government 


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  1. 2.
    J. Degras, ed., Soviet Documents on Foreign Policy, Volume 3: 1933–41 (London, 1953) p. 321.Google Scholar
  2. 15.
    L. Sabaliunas, Lithuania in Crisis: Nationalism to Communism 1939–40 (Bloomington/London, 1972) pp. 151–3; D. Dallin, Soviet Russia’s Foreign. Policy 1939–42 (New Haven, Connecticut, 1944) pp. 89–90.Google Scholar
  3. 18.
    A. Oras, Baltic Eclipse (London, 1948) pp. 34–7.Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1977

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  • David Kirby

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