A comparative analysis of the take-off employed in springboard dives from the forward and reverse groups

  • D. I. Miller
Part of the International Series on Sport Sciences book series (MMSS)


The components of springboard dives from either the forward or reverse groups include the approach steps, hurdle, take-off, flight, and entry into the water. Because the initial conditions of the flight, namely, the angle of projection, velocity of the mass center, and angular momentum, are established during the take-off, this phase plays a major role in determining the success of the dive. For convenience of analysis, the springboard take-off, which was the focus of the present investigation, can be divided into a press and a lift.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Armbruster, D. A., R. H. Allen, and H. S. Billingsley. 1973. Swimming and Diving. 6th Ed. C. V. Mosby, St. Louis.Google Scholar
  2. Bergmaier, G., A. Wettstein, and J. Wartenweiler. 1971. Diving measurement and analysis of the take-off. In:L. Lewillie and J. P. Clarys (eds.), First International Symposium on Biomechanics of Swimming. pp. 243–247. Université libre de Bruxelles, Brussels.Google Scholar
  3. Darda, G. E. 1972. A method of determining the relative contributions of the diver and springboard to the vertical ascent of the forward three and one-half somersaults tuck. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wiscomsin, Madison, Wis.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© University Park Press 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. I. Miller
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WashingtonSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations