Advertisement

Bananas

  • Frederick F. Clairmonte

Abstract

The history of the banana goes back thousands of years, and reference to it is found in classical Chinese, Indian, Greek and Roman texts. The precise origin of the banana is not known although according to Dr Herbert Spinden ‘the first home of the edible banana was, in all probability, the humid tropical region of Southern Asia, Cambodia and parts of Southern China, as well as the large islands of Sumatra, Java, Borneo, the Philippines and Formosa’ (Wilson, 1947, p. 13). From the Far East it was brought by Arab and Chinese traders to East Africa in the tenth century and from there it was transported by Arab traders to Spain and the Canary Islands. The Gros Michel variety was brought to the Americas in the 1830s and it spread rapidly to all banana-growing American nations.

Keywords

Retail Price Federal Trade Commission Retail Prex Commodity Trade Foreign Enterprise 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arthur, H. B., Houck, J. P. and Beckford, F. L. Tropical Agribusiness Structures and Adjustments — Bananas (Boston: Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University, 1968).Google Scholar
  2. Beckford, G. L. Persistent Poverty: Underdevelopment in Plantation Economics of the Third World (London: Oxford University Press, 1972).Google Scholar
  3. Federal Trade Commission, On the Matter of United Brands Company, a corporation. Proposed findings of fact and conclusion of law Docket No. 8835.Google Scholar
  4. FAO Intergovernmental Group on Bananas, sub-group on statistics CCP: BA/ST 74/3 (Rome: FAO, August 1973).Google Scholar
  5. Furnivall, J. S. Colonial Policy and Practice: a Comparative Study of Burma and Netherlands India (London: Cambridge University Press, 1957).Google Scholar
  6. Informe de la ComisiÓn Nombrada para Estudiar el Conflicto Surgido entre la UFC y la Cooperativa Banaiïera Colombiana (Bogota, 1929).Google Scholar
  7. Jones, W. O., ‘Plantations,’ International Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences (New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1968) vol. I2.Google Scholar
  8. Kepner, C. D., Social Aspects of the Banana Industry (New York: Colombia University Press, 1936).Google Scholar
  9. Lindqvist, Sven, The Shadow: Latin America faces the Seventies (London: Penguin, 1972).Google Scholar
  10. Loesecke, H. von, Bananas: Chemistry, Physiology, Technology (New York: Interscience Publishers Inc., 1949).Google Scholar
  11. May, S. and Plaza, G., The United Fruit Company in Latin America, Study No. 7. United States Business Performance Series (Washington, DC: National Planning Association, 1958).Google Scholar
  12. Mill, J. S., Political Economy, book III, ch. X XV (1848).Google Scholar
  13. Rohner, Peter, Detailhandel in der Schweiz (Zürich: Advico Delpire, 1973).Google Scholar
  14. Seminar on Plantation Systems of the New World,’ Puerto Rico, 17–23 November 1957. (Washington, DC: Pan American Union,1957)Google Scholar
  15. Simmonds, N. W., Bananas (London: Longmans, 1959).Google Scholar
  16. Singer, Hans, ‘Distribution of Gains between Investing and Borrowing Countries,’ American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings (May 1950).Google Scholar
  17. United Nations General Assembly, Evolution of banana prices since 1954 and the significance of bananas in world trade in 1970. Note by the Secretary-General (New York, A/9544/Add.3, 29 April 1974).Google Scholar
  18. United Nations General Assembly, Sixth Special World Session on New Economic Order, Declaration and Programme of Action on the Establishment of the New International Economic Order, A/9556 (New York, May 1974).Google Scholar
  19. United States of America before Federal Trade Commission, in the matter of United Brands Company, a corporation. Docket No. 8835. Proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1972).Google Scholar
  20. United States of America y United Fruit Company: Amended Complaint (US District of Louisiana, Civil Action No. 456o, 12 January 1956).Google Scholar
  21. United States of America y United Fruit Company: Final Judgement (US District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana, Civil Action No. 456o, 4 February 1958).Google Scholar
  22. United States House of Representatives Select Committee on Small Business, Banana Industry: Inquiry into Proposals for Consent Decree Disposition of the United Fruit Company Case, Hearings before subcommittee No. 5 (Distribution Problems), (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1956).Google Scholar
  23. Wickizer, V. D., ‘The smallholder in tropical export crop production,’ Food Research Institute Studies (Stanford, February 1960).Google Scholar
  24. Wilson, C. M., Empire in Green and Gold (1947, repr. 1968 by Greenwood Press Inc., Westport, Connecticut).Google Scholar

Bibliography

  1. Amin, S., Accumulation on a World Scale (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1974).Google Scholar
  2. Clairmonte, F., Economic Liberalism and Underdevelopment: Studies in the Disintegration of an Idea (Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1960).Google Scholar
  3. UNCTAD, Marketing and Distribution System for Bananas (Geneva: November 1974).Google Scholar
  4. Deutsch, H. B., The Incredible Tanqui: The Career of Lee Christmas (New York: Longman, Green and Co., 1931).Google Scholar
  5. Hatch, J. K., Minor C. Keith: Pioneer of the Tropics (privately published, 1962).Google Scholar
  6. Toriello, G., La Batalla de Guatemala (Mexico: Ediciones Cuadernas Americanas, 1955).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Cheryl Payer 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick F. Clairmonte

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations