• David Butler
  • Dennis Kavanagh


According to The Times on October 10, ‘This election is concerned with the survival of the present social and political system of Britain …’. There was general agreement that the October election was going to be important, not just in deciding whether or not the new Labour government would continue in office, but also in answering the questions raised by the February contest. In 1974 new uncertainties were raised about the British political system and the British parties, about the nature of the relationship of England to the rest of the United Kingdom, about the potential of the Liberals as a catalyst for party realignment, and about accommodating the power of organised labour within the current political institutions.


Trade Union Social Contract Electoral System Party Leader Labour Government 


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  1. 8.
    See the studies of working-class support for the Conservative party: R. Nordlinger, The Working Class Tories (London, 1967);Google Scholar
  2. R. T. McKenzie and A. Silver, Angels in Marble (London, 1968);Google Scholar
  3. and D. Kavanagh, ‘The Deferential English’, Government and Opposition, Summer 1971, pp. 333–60.Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    Robert Blake, The Conservative Party from Peel to Churchill (London, 1970) p. 276.Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    See his ‘Inflation and the Three Cs’, in Trevor Smith (ed.), Economic Dilemmas and Political Choices, Acton Society Trust (London, 1974) p. 11.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© David Butler and Dennis Kavanagh 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Butler
    • 1
  • Dennis Kavanagh
    • 2
  1. 1.Nuffield CollegeOxfordUK
  2. 2.University of ManchesterUK

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