Economic Factors in the Decline of Fertility in Hungary in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century

  • E. Szabady
Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)


As it is known, several studies have dealt with the surprising fact that on the easily delimitable areas of Hungary in the period of industrialisation and maybe even in the epoch of pre-industrialisation, a significant birth control developed similar to that of Western Europe. This fact was stated, with Coale’s method, as the basis of the calculation of indices Im, Ig, Ih by counties for the years 1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910. The indices delimitable by smaller or larger regions (several counties) behave in a similar way. We have shown that in the era when marital fertility shows a linear decrease in the southern regions of Hungary, it increases in the eastern part of the country. In other regions of the country a fluctuation—decreasing or increasing trend — can be observed as compared to 1880 or 1890.


County Level Marriage Rate Marital Fertility Surprising Fact Peasant Farm 
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Copyright information

© The International Economic Association 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Szabady
    • 1
  1. 1.Demographic Research InstituteBudapestHungary

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