African Trade in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

  • R. M. A. van Zwanenberg
  • Anne King


In this chapter we shall be looking at the patterns of trade which have been predominantly controlled by Africans in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In reality, we cannot isolate African trade patterns from others in either century; African and Arab trade patterns overlapped and intertwined in the nineteenth, while in the twentieth African, Asian and European trade patterns were divided on a racial basis, until just before political Independence. Incoming foreigners have therefore stimulated, as well as severely limited, African trade in both centuries. But for purposes of historical analysis, it is useful to look at the African dominated patterns of trade alone for the following reasons.


Nineteenth Century Coffee Berry Economic History Trade Pattern Trading Centre 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bohannan, P. and Dalton, G. (eds), Markets in Africa (Northwestern University Press, 1962 ).Google Scholar
  2. Goode, M. C., Rural Markets and Trade in East Africa (Washington, D.C., 1970).Google Scholar
  3. Gray, R. and Birmingham, D., Precolonial African Trade in East and Central Africa (OUP, 1970).Google Scholar
  4. Hill, P., ‘Markets in Africa’, Journal of Modern African Studies (1963).Google Scholar
  5. Kamuhangiri, E. R., ‘The Precolonial Economic and Social History of East Africa with special reference to South Western Uganda Salt Lakes Region’, conference paper, Historical Association of Kenya (1972).Google Scholar
  6. Lonsdale, J. M., ‘A Political History of Nyanza 1888–1945’, Ph. D. thesis (Cambridge, 1964 ).Google Scholar
  7. Memon, P. A., ‘Some Geographical Aspects of the History of Urban Growth’, conference paper, Historical Association of Kenya (1972).Google Scholar
  8. Memon, P. A., ‘The Spatial Dynamics of Trade and Urban Development in Kenya during the Early Colonial Period up to 1915’, working paper no. 78 (IDS, 1972 ).Google Scholar
  9. Ngumu, D. M., ‘Trade during the Precolonial Time in Nyeri District’, B.A. dissertation, Department of History, University of Nairobi (1973).Google Scholar
  10. Ochieng’, W. R., ‘Trade Contacts and Cultural Connections between the Gusii and the Luo in the Nineteenth Century’, conference paper, Historical Association of Kenya (1972).Google Scholar
  11. Quiggin, A. H., Trade Routes, Trade and Currency in East Africa, occasional paper, Rhodes-Livingstone Institute (1949).Google Scholar
  12. Ssekamwa, J. C., ‘Factors Mitigating against the Development of Retail Trade among Uganda Africans’, paper (EASSC, 1971 ).Google Scholar
  13. Sutton, J. E. G., Early Trade in Eastern Africa (EAPH, 1973).Google Scholar
  14. Sutton, J. E. G. and Roberts, A. D., ‘The Salt Trade in the Nineteenth Century’, Azania, vii (1968).Google Scholar
  15. Uzoigwe, G. N., ‘Precolonial Markets in Bunyoro-Kitara’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. xiv, no. 4 (1972).Google Scholar
  16. Vansina, J., ‘Long Distance Trade Routes in Central Africa’, JAH, vol. iii, no. 3 (1962).Google Scholar
  17. van Zwanenberg, R., Research into the Lake Magadi Salt Trade and Trade along the Eastern side of Lake Victoria (unpublished).Google Scholar
  18. Wagner, G., The Bantu of Western. Kenya, vol. ii (OUP, repr. 1970).Google Scholar
  19. Were, P. O., ‘The Origin and Growth of the Iron Industry and Trade in Samia’, B.A. dissertation, Department of History, University of Nairobi (1972).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© R. M. A. van Zwanenberg with Anne King 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. M. A. van Zwanenberg
  • Anne King

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations