Nineteenth-Century Craft Industries

  • R. M. A. van Zwanenberg
  • Anne King

Abstract

The industry in hand-made goods in nineteenth-century East Africa is important because such goods were vital to society, supplementing and complementing agricultural and pastoral activities. For example, iron hoes were used by all agricultural communities. Weapons, such as iron spears, were also important. The people with the more skilful blacksmiths, who could forge the sharpest and longest-lasting swords, had a distinct advantage over people without such craftsmen. Salt was another essential commodity produced on a small scale. A great deal of salt was available from local natural sources, for example salt was extracted from the water of salt lakes or dug from the shores. Salt was traded over considerable distances but supplies were irregular especially for those people who did not have a suitable natural source of salt in their neighbourhood. As a substitute a great deal of salt was manufactured from plants, leaves and earths. But our knowledge of how the extraction processes, of which there were probably quite a number, were carried out is still very limited.

Keywords

Clay Furnace Europe Income Charcoal 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Birch, J. P., ‘Wadi Blacksmiths’, Uganda Journal, vol. v, no. 1 (1937).Google Scholar
  2. Brown, J., ‘Iron Working in South Mbere’, Mila, vol. ii, no. 2 (1971).Google Scholar
  3. Casati, G., Ten Years in Equatoria and the Return with Emin Pasha, 2 vols (London, 1891).Google Scholar
  4. Fallers, L., Bantu Bureaucracy (University of Chicago Press, 1965).Google Scholar
  5. Gilleband, M., Correspondence on Keiyo blacksmiths.Google Scholar
  6. Haden, J., ‘Okebu Iron Smelting’, Uganda Journal, vol. xxxiv, no. 2 (1970).Google Scholar
  7. Johnston, H. H., The Uganda Protectorate, 2 vols (London, 1902 ).Google Scholar
  8. Lamphear, J., ‘The Kamba and the Northern Mrima Coast’, Precolonial African Trade in East and Central Africa, ed. R. Gray and J. Birmingham (OUP, 1970 ).Google Scholar
  9. Lanning, E. C., ‘Bark Cloth Hammers’, Uganda Journal, vol. xxiii, no. 1 (1959).Google Scholar
  10. Roscoe, J., The Northern Bantu (1st ed. 1915; repr. Cass, 1961).Google Scholar
  11. Roscoe, J., The Banyankole (OUP, 1923; repr. 1968 ).Google Scholar
  12. Routledge, S. K. and K., With a Historic People (1st ed. 1910; repr. Cass, 1968 ).Google Scholar
  13. Shiroya, O. J. E., ‘Northwestern Uganda in the Nineteenth Century. Interethnic Trade’, cyclostyled seminar paper, Department of History, University of Makerere, Kampala (1970).Google Scholar
  14. Sutton, J. E. G., ‘Iron Working in Tanzania’ and ‘Traditional Salt Production in Tanzania’, Kwale (1972).Google Scholar
  15. Thomson, A. D., ‘Barkcloth Making in Buganda’, Uganda Journal, vol. vi, no. 1 (1934).Google Scholar
  16. Trowell, K. M., ‘Some Royal Craftsmen of Buganda’, Uganda Journal, vol. xxiii, no. 2 (1941).Google Scholar
  17. Trowell, K. M. and Wachsman, K., Tribal Crafts of Uganda (OUP, 1953 ).Google Scholar
  18. Wagner, G., The Bantu of Western Kenya, vol. ii (OUP, repr. 1970).Google Scholar
  19. Webster, J. B., ‘Migration and Settlement of the Northern Region’, cyclostyled, Department of History, University of Makerere, Uganda (1972).Google Scholar
  20. Were, P. O., ‘The Origins and Growth of the Iron Industry and Trade in Sarnia’, B.A. dissertation, Department of History, University of Nairobi (1972/3).Google Scholar
  21. White, R. G., ‘Blacksmiths of Kigezi’, Uganda Journal, vol. xxxiii, no. 1 (1969).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© R. M. A. van Zwanenberg with Anne King 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. M. A. van Zwanenberg
  • Anne King

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations