Any reformist social-democratic party, especially one with a strong trade union base, is likely to have, like the German Social Democrats in 1930, an inner tension between the ideals of being a Staatspartei or a Klassenkampfpartei.1 In the British Labour Party the Fabians and moderate trade union leaders pulled in the direction of the former, while I.L.P. militants and left-wing labour leaders pulled in the direction of the latter. In either case, what has emerged from the preceding study is that by and large the roots of reformism lay not in support of imperialism but in its opposite.


Free Trade Trade Union Labour Party Racial Equality Independent Central Banking 
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  1. W. Conze, ‘La Crise Economique et le Mouvement Ouvrier en Allemagne entre 1929 et 1933’ in D. Fauvel-Rouf(ed.), Mouvements Ouvriers et Depression Economique de 1929 a 1939(Assen, 1966) p. 59.Google Scholar
  2. Lenin, Collected Works, xxii(Moscow, 1964) p. 241.Google Scholar
  3. T. Lloyd, ‘Africa and Hobson’s Imperialism’, Past and Present May 1972, for a review of the views on this, especially pp. 135–40.Google Scholar
  4. R. Robinson, International Co-operation in Aid(Cambridge, 1967).Google Scholar
  5. M. Durbin, The Politics of Democratic Socialism(London, 1954) p. 9).Google Scholar
  6. Harold Wilson, The Labour Government, 1964–70(London, 1971)Google Scholar
  7. R. Segal, The Race War(Harmondsworth, 1967 ed.) p. 322.Google Scholar
  8. V. Cable, Whither Kenyan Emigrants?(1969) p. 12f.Google Scholar
  9. T Wilson, op. cit., p. 11; P. Foot, The Politics of Harold Wilson(Harmondsworth, 1968) pp. 294–5.Google Scholar
  10. H. Wilson, ‘War on World Poverty’, Third World, Sep 1972, pp. 8f.Google Scholar
  11. D. Seers, ‘Open Letter to Harold Wilson’, Third World, Nov 1972, pp. 11f.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Partha Sarathi Gupta 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Partha Sarathi Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HistoryUniversity of DelhiIndia

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