Labour between Commonwealth and Europe, 1951–64

  • Partha Sarathi Gupta
Part of the Cambridge Commonwealth Series book series


In the thirteen years that elapsed before the Labour Party got another chance to form a government there were two changes of leadership, and two general elections, in both of which the Party yielded more and more seats to the Conservatives.1 By 1964 the Colonial Empire had practically disappeared, leaving big question-marks as to what role, if any, Britain could play in relation to her former dependencies. That the question of a post-imperial role could at all arise was partly due to the strong tradition in favour of economic and social development before the abandonment of the Empire. The rapidity with which the Empire was dismantled during the Conservative Government under Harold Macmillan, and especialy during the period when Ian Mcleod was in charge of the Colonial Office, would have come as a surprise to those who formulated Labour Party policy in the early fifties. In that period colonial policy-making continued to be bedevilled by the fight between the ‘Bevanites’ and the Party leadership over foreign policy issues such as the burden of rearmament, the American alliance, German rearmament and the development of the hydrogen bomb by Britain.2


Foreign Policy Trade Union Socialist Commentary Labour Party Racial Equality 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. C. A. R. Crosland, Britain’s Economic Problem(London, 1953) pp. 170–74.Google Scholar
  2. T. Balogh, ‘Those Sterling Balances’, Venture, Mar 1954, pp. 6–9.Google Scholar
  3. W. A. Lewis, ‘The Colonies and Sterling’, Financial Times, 16 Jan 1952Google Scholar
  4. H. Gaitskell, ‘Realism in Foreign Trade’, Socialist Commentary, Sep 1953, p. 199Google Scholar
  5. T. Balogh, Economics of Poverty, ch. xvi. This chapter was originally published on 29 Sep 1956.Google Scholar
  6. Noel-Baker, ‘Why co-operate with the U.S.?’, Socialist Commentary Nov 1953, p. 252.Google Scholar
  7. A. Bevan, B. Castle, R. H. S. Crossman, T. Driberg, I Mikardo and H. Wilson, It need not happen(London, 1954) p. 25.Google Scholar
  8. D. Healey, op. cit., p. 42; K. Younger, ‘A British view of the Far East’, Pacific Affairs, xxvii (1954) 108–11.Google Scholar
  9. R. Jenkins, Pursuit of Progress(London, 1953) p. 46.Google Scholar
  10. M.C.F., A Policy for Colonial Freedom: policy statement, report of activities, and objects and constitution(London, 1955) p. 20.Google Scholar
  11. Commentator, ‘Eye on Events’, Socialist Commentary, Sep 1954, p. 248.Google Scholar
  12. M. Ayearst, The British West Indies(London, 1960) pp. 13–8.Google Scholar
  13. Mary Saran, ‘Asian Socialists Unite’, Socialist Commentary Feb 1953Google Scholar
  14. R. Hinden, ‘The White Man’s Pride’(review of G. Padmore’s Pan Africanism and Communism), Encounter, Dec 1956, p. 86.Google Scholar
  15. A. J. Hanna, European Rule in Africa(London, 1961) pp. 22–3.Google Scholar
  16. M. Nicholson, ‘Socialist Heartsearchings’, Venture, July 1952, p. 3.Google Scholar
  17. J. Hatch, ‘Labour’s Colonial Policy-II’, Ventury, Nov 1954, p. 5.Google Scholar
  18. Tom Mboya, The Kenya Question: an African Answer( London, Sep 1956).Google Scholar
  19. H. Gaitskell, The Challenge of Co-existence(London, 1957) pp. 7780.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. J. Strachey, ‘The Indian Alternative’, Encounter, Oct 1956, p. 506.Google Scholar
  21. R. Hinden, ‘The White Man’s Pride’, Encounter, Dec 1956, p. 86.Google Scholar
  22. D. Blelloch, ‘Second Thoughts on Economic Aid’, Socialist Commentary, Jan 1960, p. 16.Google Scholar
  23. H. Gaitskell, ‘The New Commonwealth’, Socialist Commentary, Mar 1958.Google Scholar
  24. H. Gaitskell, ‘Russia’s Industrial Challenge’, Socialist Commentary, Apr 1956, p. 7.Google Scholar
  25. Labour Party, Economic Aid(London, 1957).Google Scholar
  26. T. E. McKitterick and K. Younger(eds.), Fabian International Essays(London, 1957) pp. 90–92, 95f, 98f.Google Scholar
  27. Denis Healey, A Neutral Belt in Europe?( London, Jan 1958)Google Scholar
  28. K. N. Waltz, Foreign Policy and Democratic Politics(Boston, 1967) p. 145.Google Scholar
  29. C. Jackson, ‘Time to Remember India’, Venture, Nov 1956, pp. 6–7;Google Scholar
  30. G. M. Thomson, ‘Old Empire to New Commonwealth’, Venture, Apr 1958, pp. 66.Google Scholar
  31. A. Creech Jones(ed.), New Fabian Colonial Essays(London, 1959) p. 124.Google Scholar
  32. F. Mulley, ‘The Inevitability of Planning’, Socialist Commentary, Mar 1958, p. 8Google Scholar
  33. D. Jay and R. Jenkins, The Common Market Debate( London, Fabian Society, Nov 1962) p. 14.Google Scholar
  34. R. C. Beever, ‘Trade Union Re-thinking’, Journal of Common Market Studies, ii (1963) 149–52; The Times, 2 July 1962, p. 9, and 7 Sep 1962, p. 16.Google Scholar
  35. T. Soper, Commonwealth and Common Markets: the Economic Implications( London, Sep. 1962) pp. 9–11.Google Scholar
  36. H. Gaitskell, ‘The New Commonwealth’, Socialist Commentary, Mar 1958, p. 6.Google Scholar
  37. George Thomson, ‘Hugh Gaitskell’, Venture, Mar 1963, p. 5.Google Scholar
  38. D. E. Butler and R. Rose, The British General Election of 1959(London, 1960) p. 7.Google Scholar
  39. D. E. Butler and A. King, The British General Election of 1964(London, 1965) p. 132.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Partha Sarathi Gupta 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Partha Sarathi Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HistoryUniversity of DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations