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Contingency and Cosmic Teleology

  • John J. Shepherd
Part of the Library of Philosophy and Religion book series

Abstract

It is customary to contrast cosmological-type arguments with teleological-type arguments. The most useful distinction to be made here is perhaps indicated by speaking with T. Penelhum of Existential and Qualitative arguments.’ The former are concerned with the problem that there is a world at all; the latter with problems regarding the kind of world that is, problems not only of order but of value, meaning and so on. The soft argument from contingency is an Existential argument even though contingency may in a sense be said to be a kind of quality, for it deals with the ‘quality’ of existence rather than with the qualities of existence.

Keywords

Qualitative Argument Explanatory Ultimacy Ontological Pluralism Provisional Acceptance Teleological Argument 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    T. Penelhum, ‘Divine Necessity’, Mind, Dux (Apr 1960) 175–86.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. E. Harris, The Foundations of Metaphysics in Science ( London: Allen & Unwin, 1965 ).Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    F. S. C. Northrop, ‘The Macroscopic Atomic Theory: A Physical Interpretation of the Theory of Relativity’, Journal of Philosophy xxv (Aug 1928) 449–67.Google Scholar
  4. 14.
    See J. Richmond, Theology and Metaphysics ( London: S.C.M. Press, 1970 );Google Scholar
  5. B. Mitchell, The Justificatiion of Religious Belief (London: Macmillan, 1973).Google Scholar
  6. 15.
    See I. T. Ramsey, Models and Mystery (London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1964) pp. 38–40;Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    A. Maclntyre, Difficulties in Christian Belief (London: S.C.M. Press, 1959) p. 63. Cf.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John J. Shepherd 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • John J. Shepherd

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