The Crisis of the Empire in the Third Century

  • M. Cary
  • H. H. Scullard


The fifty years that followed the death of Severus Alexànder constitute a dark age in a double sense. They were a period of disaster and of crisis for the Roman Empire, and the record which they left of themselves is scanty and broken.1


Roman Emperor Roman Empire Roman Supremacy Momentary Support Supreme Commander 
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Notes and References

  1. 12.
    See C. W. Keyes, The Rise of the Equites in the Third Century of the Roman Empire (1915);Google Scholar
  2. H. Petersen, JRS 1955, 47 ff. Under Gallienus apparently senatorial legati and tribuni disappeared from the army. The process continued with Equites permanently replacing most of the senatorial governors -of praetorian (but not of consular) provinces; it was completed when Diocletian left only two regular senatorial provinces, namely Africa and Asia.Google Scholar
  3. 14.
    See I. A. Richmond, The City Wall of Imperial Rome (1930); Nash, Pictorial Dict. of Rome, ii. 86 ff.Google Scholar
  4. 15.
    On Aurelian see L. Homo, Essai sur le rigne de l’empereur Aurélian (1904).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The representatives of the estate of the late M. Cary and H. H. Scullard 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Cary
    • 1
  • H. H. Scullard
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LondonUK

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