The Roman Empire under the Julio-Claudian Dynasty

  • M. Cary
  • H. H. Scullard


With the notable exception of Claudius the successors of Augustus complied with his advice not to extend the Roman Empire beyond its existing boundaries. Tiberius, who had given ample proof of his military ability under the direction of Augustus, would not trust himself to wage war on his own responsibility, and the next three emperors were unfit to assume command of armies. But emperors who did not take the field in person had reason to fear that conquests achieved by other generals might lead to military usurpations, like those which had destroyed the rule of the republican Senate. Accordingly the warfare of the first half-century after the death of Augustus was mainly of a defensive character; in this period the Roman army began its transformation from a field force into a border garrison.


Sacred Grove Roman Emperor Roman Empire Roman Province Chian Plain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 2.
    On Tacfarinas see R. Syme, Studies… in Honour of A. C. Johnson (1951), 113 ff.Google Scholar
  2. Dolabella made a dedication to Victoria Augusta: see Epigraphica 1938, 3 ff.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    On Palestine see E. Schürer, op. cit. (see Chap. 16, n. 16), and F.-M. Abel, Histoire de la Palestine depuis la conquête d’Alexandre jusqu’à l’invasion arabe (1952);Google Scholar
  4. A. H. M. Jones, The Herods of Judaea (1938).Google Scholar
  5. On the Zealots or sicarii see M. Hengel, Die Zeloten (1961);Google Scholar
  6. S. Applebaum, JRS 1971, 155 ff. On religious conditions see below, Chap. 34, n. 4b.Google Scholar
  7. Jewish community in Rome: H. J. Leon, The Jews of Ancient Rome (1960).Google Scholar
  8. See also M. Grant, The Jews in the Roman World (1973).Google Scholar
  9. See H. Murillo, The Acts of the Pagan Martyrs, Acta Alexadrinorum (1954; with commentary).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Germanicus’s campaigns are discussed by E. Koesterman, Historia 1957, 429 ff.Google Scholar
  11. and D. Timpe, Der Triumph des Germanicus (1968).Google Scholar
  12. 18.
    On Gloucester see C. Green, JRS 1942, 39 ff., 1943, 15 ff.;Google Scholar
  13. I. A. Richmond, Transact. Bristol Glos. Arch. Soc. 1962, 14 ff., 1965, 15 ff.Google Scholar
  14. On Lincoln, see J. B. Whitwell, Roman Lincolnshire (1970).Google Scholar
  15. 19.
    But see D. Fishwick, Britannia 1972, 164 ff.Google Scholar
  16. 20.
    On the revolt see D. R. Dudley and G. Webster, The Rebellion of Boudicca (1962). The tombstone of Classicianus, who stood up to Suetonius, was found in London: Burn, n. 15; Smallwood, n. 268.Google Scholar
  17. On the coinage of the Iceni see D. F. Allen, Britannia, i, 1970, 1 ff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The representatives of the estate of the late M. Cary and H. H. Scullard 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Cary
    • 1
  • H. H. Scullard
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LondonUK

Personalised recommendations