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Advent of War and Survival 1935–45

  • Francis E. Hyde

Abstract

From 1935 the status of The Cunard Steam Ship Co. was mainly that of a holding company. It continued the operation and control of the Liverpool—Havre cargo trade as well as that between the United Kingdom and the Mediterranean. Sources of information about the Cunard organisation as a whole, therefore, henceforth become twofold, the annual reports being concerned first with the working of The Cunard Steam Ship Co. Ltd and secondly with that of Cunard White Star Ltd. As a consequence two sets of accounts were presented annually to the shareholders. One can thus distinguish between the fortunes of the Mediterranean services and the difficulty of maintaining profitable traffic across the North Atlantic. This dichotomy is given greater significance when one attempts to compare working capacities in the years of peace from 1935 to 1939 with those during the years of war from 5939 to 1945.

Keywords

Shipping Company Shipping Line General Council Passenger Traffic Voluntary Liquidation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 15.
    F. Gibson, op. cit., II, p. 47.Google Scholar
  2. 20.
  3. 33.
  4. 34.
  5. 37.
  6. 38.
  7. 39.
  8. 42.
  9. 49.
  10. 56.
  11. 57.
  12. 64.
    G. Sturmey, British Shipping and World Competition (1962), p. 147.Google Scholar
  13. 66.
  14. 67.
  15. 68.
  16. 69.
  17. 70.
  18. 75.
    Eaves, op. cit., notes on requisition scheme under 1940.Google Scholar
  19. 77.
    S. G. Sturmey, op. cit., pp. 143–4.Google Scholar
  20. 78.
    Ibid., p. 144.Google Scholar
  21. 80.
    Ibid., under T.97A.Google Scholar
  22. 82.
    CP, Voyage planning; Britannic was released on 14 November 1939 but was requisitioned on 7 February 1940 under T.97A (made effective on 23 August 1940).Google Scholar
  23. 84.
    Ibid., under Samaria. Google Scholar
  24. 85.
    Ibid., under Antonia. Google Scholar
  25. 86.
  26. 87.
    Ibid., under Georgic. Google Scholar
  27. 90.
    Ibid., under 1940.Google Scholar
  28. 92.
    CP, Voyage planning; Queen Elizabeth arrived Singapore 13 December 1940 and left 11 February 1941.Google Scholar
  29. 93.
    Ibid., under Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth. Google Scholar
  30. 94.
  31. 96.
  32. 101.
  33. 102.
  34. 103.
  35. 105.
  36. 106.
  37. 107.
  38. 111.
    TAS, Henry Tate to Sir Percy Bates, 23 July 1935.Google Scholar
  39. 112.
    TAS, Sir Percy Bates to Sir Warren Fisher, 1 August 1935.Google Scholar
  40. 113.
    TAS, Sir Eric Geddes to Sir Percy Bates quoting course of negotiations July/August 1935.Google Scholar
  41. TAS, Sir Percy Bates to Sir Eric Geddes, 21 November 1934.Google Scholar
  42. 115.
  43. 119.
  44. 120.
    TAS, Sir Percy Bates to Sir Warren Fisher, 1 August 1935.Google Scholar
  45. 123.
  46. 124.
  47. 125.

Copyright information

© Francis E. Hyde 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis E. Hyde
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LiverpoolUK

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