North Atlantic Conferences 1921–39

  • Francis E. Hyde


As we have seen, the various North Atlantic Conference Agreements between shipping companies in the nineteenth century were either bilateral or multilateral as circumstances dictated. The first Atlantic Conference so designated was formed in 1908 between most of the British, American and Continental lines engaged in the passenger trade. Agreements were reached on first and second class minimum passenger rates and conditions. At the same time a pooling arrangement was established for third class traffic. This conference, which had its headquarters in Jena, was dissolved on the outbreak of the First World War but was reconstituted in skeleton form during the war by a few of the members and had its office in Paris.


German Line Passenger Traffic Class Ship Home Port Freight Market 
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  1. 13.
    CP, W. H. Roper, op. cit., p. 34.Google Scholar
  2. 15.
    CP, Statements by chairman on Conference agreements; W. H. Roper, op. cit., p. 37.Google Scholar
  3. 18.
    Ibid., 10 May 1932; Conference statistics 1921–1939.Google Scholar
  4. 21.
    CP, W. H. Roper, op. cit., p. 42.Google Scholar
  5. 31.
    Ibid., telegram dated 29 December 1927.Google Scholar
  6. 32.
    Ibid., letter from Cunard, 30 December 1927.Google Scholar
  7. 34.
    Ibid., statutory meeting October 1928.Google Scholar
  8. 35.
    Ibid., letter from Canadian Pacific, 13 June 1929.Google Scholar
  9. 36.
    Ibid., letter from Holland-America Line, 2Google Scholar
  10. 39.
    CP, W. H. Roper, op. cit. p. 147.Google Scholar
  11. 41.
    Ibid., minutes of Conference meetings, October 1929.Google Scholar
  12. 42.
    BM, 20 November 1929.Google Scholar
  13. 47.
    CP, W. H. Roper, op. cit., p. 167.Google Scholar
  14. 48.
    CP, Statutory meeting of Conference, 1 March 1934.Google Scholar
  15. 49.
    H. Roper, op. cit., pp. 177–8; BM, 16 November 1938.Google Scholar
  16. 51.
    Ibid., third class carryings.Google Scholar
  17. 52.
    Ibid., first class carryings.Google Scholar
  18. 53.
  19. 54.
  20. 55.
  21. 56.
    Ibid., first and cabin class carryings.Google Scholar
  22. 57.
  23. 59.
    CP, C. & DLB, Sir Thos Royden to Sir Ashley Sparks, 27 May 1925.Google Scholar
  24. 65.
    Laird; ‘Shipping Conference System’, The Journal of Commerce and Shipping Telegraph Annual Review, January 1946, 201.Google Scholar
  25. 73.
  26. 75.
    Eaves, op. cit., under 1928.Google Scholar
  27. 76.
    BM, 16 January 1929.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Francis E. Hyde 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis E. Hyde
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LiverpoolUK

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