The Japanese are excellent road builders, as is evidenced by the entirely new elevated railway which runs at 150 miles an hour from west of Kobe to Tokyo, by a number of express ways into cities and by some magnificent roads to temples and shrines on the tops of mountains. This is all the business of the state, and only indirectly affects the cities, but the national transport policy does add to their difficulties. Policy appears to be to promote rapid transit for passengers on the railways, leaving heavy trucks to go by road. Since even the best of the intercity roads are at most two-lane each way this policy causes great delay. Commuters are forced to use the already fantastically overcrowded suburban railways more than they would desire, although many still prefer to go by car whatever the delay. There was a twentyfold increase in cars on the roads between 1950 and 1965, and there are many more now. By contrast there has only been a 25 per cent increase in public transport over the country as a whole; 20 per cent in Tokyo, 27 per cent in Osaka and 52 per cent in Nagoya (which always seems to manage its affairs better).
KeywordsIncome Smog Tama
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