Russia’s public debt and the French market, 1889–1914:A statistical assessment

  • Olga Crisp
Part of the Studies in Russian and East European History book series (SREEHS)


The discussion of Franco—Russian financial relations has always been accompanied by much acrimony and passion. Both on the Russian and on the French side the problem has been charged with emotional overtones. On Russia’s side, there has always been a feeling of humiliation at the thought that ministers of Imperial Russia like those of another Bulgaria or Turkey had to come cap in hand to ask for credit in Paris, pay what many of them considered to be usurious, crippling interest rates and dividends, and on occasion be forced to grant diplomatic or commercial concessions as a quid pro quo for financial assistance.


Government Bond Russian Government Direct Government Treasury Bond Municipal Bond 
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    A. Raffalovitch, L’abominable vénalité de la presse (Paris, 1931 ).Google Scholar
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    E. de Cyon, L’alliance franco-russe 2nd ed. (Lausanne, 1895) pp. 337 ff.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Olga Crisp 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olga Crisp
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LondonUK

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