The Second Period of Oppression (1907–17)

  • D. G. Kirby
Part of the Studies in Russian and East European History book series (SREEHS)


Finland now had a democratically elected Diet — in which the socialists succeeded in obtaining over one-third of the seats in every election from 1907 — but the autocracy remained. It was even strengthened by a resurgent, crude Russian nationalism, hinted at by Stolypin and typified by representatives such as Purishkevich in the Duma debates on Finland in 1908 (78). The Finns’ continued insistence that their special position within the Empire had been sanctioned for all time by the autocrat and was protected by the constitution and institutions of the country ran contrary to the Russian concept of the Empire, in which Russian state interests allied to a growing national consciousness overrode any such particularist niceties. The different viewpoints of the two sides are neatly summarised in the conclusions of the 1909 Kharitonov committee (79).


Civil Servant National Consciousness Russian Government Russian State General Staff 
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© D. G. Kirby 1975

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  • D. G. Kirby

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