White Finland, Red Russia 1918–20

  • D. G. Kirby
Part of the Studies in Russian and East European History book series (SREEHS)


The Finnish civil war ended in May 1918 but the repercussions of the war lasted for many more months. The defeated reds fled to Russia, where in August 1918 the radical elements formed the Finnish Communist Party, adopting a fiercely leftist programme which took up the challenge not only of victorious white Finland but of the struggle for the worker’s ‘soul’ with the reformist socialists in Finland itself (144).


Black Reaction Peace Treaty Soviet Republic Peace Negotiation Socialist Soviet Republic 
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© D. G. Kirby 1975

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  • D. G. Kirby

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