Public Procurement and Technical Barriers

  • Geoffrey Denton
  • Seamus O’Cleireacain
  • Sally Ash
Part of the Trade Policy Research Centre book series


All governments are major purchasers of goods and services, and all give some preference to domestic firms when placing orders. In the United Kingdom, over one-fifth of the gross domestic product is accounted for by public authorities’ expenditure on goods and services, and in 1968 only 6 per cent of this expenditure was on imports. In other member countries of the European Community, the proportions of government expenditure on goods and services to gross domestic product tend to be lower, though still generally over 10 per cent. The proportions of public contracts for works or supplies awarded to foreign firms are also thought to be lower, usually not more than one per cent. There is an additional indirect import content, however, in respect of imports of domestic firms in the course of fulfilling public contracts.


Foreign Firm Domestic Firm Public Procurement Aircraft Industry Public Subsidy 
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  1. 1.
    Gerard and Victoria Curzon, Hidden Barriers to International Trade, Thames Essay No. 1 (London: Trade Policy Research Centre, 1970);Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Robert E. Baldwin, Non-tariff Distortions of International Trade (Washington: Brookings Institution, 1970).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brian Hindley, Britain’s Position on Non-tariff Protection, Thames Essay No. 4 (London: Trade Policy Research Centre, 1972).Google Scholar
  4. 18.
    Richard E. Caves et al., Britain’s Economic Prospects (Washington: Brookings Institution, 1968).Google Scholar
  5. 20.
    Material for much of this section has been taken from Barbara Epstein, Politics of Trade in Power Plant: Impact of Public Procurement (London: Trade Policy Research Centre, 1971).Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Horace J. De Podwin and Epstein, The British Power Transformer Industry and its Excursions into the United States Market: A Case Study in International Price Discrimination (New York: Institute of Finance, University of New York, 1969).Google Scholar
  7. 23.
    See The National Plan Cmnd. 2764 (London: HM Stationery Office, 1965).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Trade Policy Research Centre 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey Denton
    • 1
  • Seamus O’Cleireacain
    • 2
  • Sally Ash
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ReadingUK
  2. 2.State University of New YorkUSA

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