Numerous low molecular weight albumins occurring in the white muscle of fish have been characterised according to biochemical properties283,284. While the physiological function of these proteins of approximately 11 000 molecular weight is not known, they manifest unusual characteristics in having amino-acid compositions of approximately 10 per cent phenylalanine and 20 per cent alanine content with little or no tryptophan, tyrosine, methionine, histidine, cysteine or arginine. In addition, they exhibit high calcium affinity. These two characteristics suggest that the carp-albumin protein may be analogous to the troponin-A protein of mammalian and avian muscle285, and may be involved, therefore, in mediation of the effect of calcium in muscle contraction286.
KeywordsHydrolysis Albumin Tyrosine Cysteine Carboxylate
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.