The Trial and Punishment of the Nazi War Criminals
The trial and punishment of Axis war criminals did not become an act of faith for the Allied Powers until the Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Moscow in October 1943.✳ On 13 January 1942, a Nine-Power Conference, sitting in London, had adopted a Declaration on the subject, calling Germany to book for acts of aggression, imposition of régimes of terror and other acts of violence and oppression, and warning that she must ultimately answer for these crimes ‘in order to satisfy the sense of justice of the civilized world’. Some months later, in August 1942, President Roosevelt had warned the Axis Powers that ‘the time will come when they will have to stand in the courts of law in the very countries they were oppressing and answer for their acts’,1 and the Declaration of the Moscow Conference went no further than this, save that it gave official recognition to the principle.
KeywordsForeign Minister Geneva Convention Hague Convention General Staff Military Tribunal
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- 3.Henry L. Stimson, ‘The Nurem- berg Trial: Landmark in Law’, Foreign Affairs (New York), Jan 1947.Google Scholar