Germany Divided: the Zones of Occupation

  • John Wheeler-Bennett
  • Anthony Nicholls


At this point it is necessary to digress somewhat in order to explain to the reader the development of Allied policies towards Germany, and to describe the circumstances under which the division of that country — foreshadowed at Tehran and Yalta — became a reality. As we have seen, such a division would have come as no surprise to Allied leaders in 1943 and 1944, although some of them would have regarded it with more enthusiasm than others.✳ Indeed, the existence of two German republics, both enjoying a relatively strong position within their own power blocs, was a remarkably favourable outcome for the Germans by comparison with the grim schemes for dismemberment and economic impoverishment bandied about in Allied capitals when Hitler’s armies were still powerful enough to command fear and respect.


Western Zone Economic Unity Soviet Policy Occupied Zone British Prime Minister 
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  1. 13.
    See William M. Franklin, ‘Zonal Boundaries and Access Routes to Berlin’, World Politics (Oct 1963) pp. 1–31.Google Scholar
  2. 14.
    Lord Strang, ‘Prelude to Potsdam’, in ‘Potsdam after twenty-five years’, International Affairs (July 1970) P. 450.Google Scholar

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© Sir John Wheeler-Bennett and Anthony Nicholls 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Wheeler-Bennett
  • Anthony Nicholls

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