Gains From Trade Under Uncertainty

  • Raveendra N. Batra


No treatise on the theory of international trade can be considered complete without some discussion of the subject of the gains from trade. Accordingly, this chapter is devoted to a dissection of the anatomy of gains from trade in a stochastic environment. In other words, unlike the earlier chapters which were primarily concerned with positive aspects of trade theory under uncertainty, the present chapter will deal with the welfare or normative aspects of international trade, although it would be fair to say that some sections of the foregoing chapters did investigate the normative aspects as well. The study of the implications of commodity-price-stabilisation policies for the allocative efficiency of the economic system, after all, does have some welfare connotations.


International Trade Marginal Utility Pure Theory World Prex Certainty Condition 
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  1. [1]
    Batra, R. N. and Russell, W. R., ‘Gains from Trade Under Uncertainty’, American Economic Review, forthcoming.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Brainard, W. C. and Cooper, R., ‘Uncertainty and Diversification in International Trade’, Food Research Institute Studies in Agricultural Economics, Trade and Development(Stanford Univ., 1968 ) 257–85.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Kemp, M. C. and Liviatan, N., ‘Production and Trade Patterns Under Uncertainty’, Economic Record(49 June 1973 ).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Turnovsky, S. J., ‘Technological and Price Uncertainty in a Ricardian Model of International Trade’, Review of Economic Studies, 41 (Apr 1974) 201–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Raveendra N. Batra 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raveendra N. Batra
    • 1
  1. 1.Southern Methodist UniversityUSA

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