Rumania, 1939–41: Maniu or Nothing?
If in Hungary there was on the surface an atmosphere of drawing-room comedy, in Rumania there was one of crude melodrama. This was mainly because of the fierce vendetta between King Carol and the Iron Guard, the extreme radical movement which, on one side, campaigned for the peasants’ rights, a clean-up of political corruption and some kind of social revolution, and on the other, used the trappings and violent methods of a Nazi-type party, and was at least in part manipulated by the Germans. Its members ranged from idealistic young men, including former Communists, to thugs and sadists. Carol had tried hard but vainly to suppress it, earning its undying hatred through the killing of its idolised leader, Corneliu Codreanu. Codreanu’s father and a group around him were set on vengeance.
KeywordsPolitical Corruption Social Revolution Resistance Movement Violent Method British Policy
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