On the Study of Urban Electoral Behaviour
There has been a tendency in recent years to devalue the role of local elections in British local government, partly in reaction to the excessive claims of traditional supporters of local democracy. The nineteenth-century view of the latter is untenable in the light of the evidence of uncontested seats, one-party dominant systems, consistently low turnouts in some areas, and the highly selective nature of local council membership, and it contained an obviously erroneous view of the position of the elected member. Attention has therefore tended to focus on such factors as the roles of chief officers and the agencies of central government, the urban poor — especially underprivileged minorities — and aggressive capitalism in the form of the property interests of urban society.
KeywordsElectoral Behaviour Party System Large Urban Area Council Member Local Election
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