1821: Fundholders and Landholders

  • Barry Gordon


The conflict between King and Queen dragged on. The affair continued to demand the attention of both Houses and to prejudice the chances of survival of the government. On three occasions during this year, parliament was to be obliged to debate the question of the inclusion of the Queen’s name in the liturgy, and the current of social unrest which accompanied these debates was not to subside until the Queen’s death on 7 August 1821. As members gathered early in the year for the opening of the new session, the whigs were optimistic about their chances of a return to power. The ministry had lost the confidence of the King because of the manner in which it had handled the royal scandal. The able George Canning had felt it necessary to resign his Presidency of the Board of Control. In addition, the tories were extremely unpopular in the country at large. Liverpool’s administration had clearly reached a major turning point.


Political Economy Free Trade Commodity Price Rural Sector Secondary Industry 
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  1. 1.
    On the revival in Manchester, see Arthur Redford, Manchester Merchants and Foreign Trade, 1794–1858 (1934; Manchester University Press, 1973) 74–6.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    See John Craig, Remarks on some fundamental doctrines of political economy … (Edinburgh, 1821);Google Scholar
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  15. 27.
    See also A. Hope-Jones, Income Tax in the Napoleonic Wars (Cambridge, 1939);Google Scholar
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  18. 32.
    This plan is discussed in W. D. Grampp, The Manchester School of Economics (Stanford University Press, 1960) 17–19.Google Scholar
  19. Also of interest is William Smart, Economic Annals of the Nineteenth Century, 2 vols (London, 1910–15; republished, N.Y., 1964) II, 6–18.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Barry Gordon 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Gordon
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NewcastleAustralia

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