1820: A Campaign for Free Trade

  • Barry Gordon


The death of George III on 30 January gave rise to the dissolution of the old parliament and the need for a general election early in the year. The election did not materially alter the state of the parties in the House, nor did it occasion a major Cabinet reshuffle. When parliament assembled on 21 April, Vansittart was still Chancellor of the Exchequer, Robinson continued as President of the Board of Trade, and Liverpool, as First Lord of the Treasury and Prime Minister, maintained a significant role in the shaping of economic policy.


Prime Minister Free Trade Foreign Trade Cash Payment Irish Manufacturer 
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  1. 1.
    Consult John Stanhope, The Cato Street Conspiracy (London: Cape, 1962).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Consult Thomas Tooke and William Newmarch, A History of Prices, VI (London, 1857) 331–44.Google Scholar
  3. 13.
    Cf. Sir Ivor Jennings, Party Politics, 3 (Cambridge University Press, 1962) 348Google Scholar
  4. 18.
    For detail and discussion, consult Murray N. Rothbard, The Panic of 1819 (N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 1962).Google Scholar
  5. 24.
    House of Lords, First Report (Relative to the Timber Trade) from the Select Committee of the House of Lords, appointed to inquire into the means of extending and securing the Foreign Trade of the Country … (11 July 1820).Google Scholar
  6. 25.
    House of Commons, Report from the Select Committee appointed to Consider of the Means of Maintaining and Improving the Foreign Trade of the Country (18 July 1820) 10.Google Scholar
  7. 28.
    On the continuing controversy concerning protection of the Irish linen industry see, R. D. Collison Black, Economic Thought and the Irish Question, 1817–1870 (Cambridge University Press, 1960) 145–7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Barry Gordon 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Gordon
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NewcastleAustralia

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