The LWR Outside the United States
By the early 1960s the LWR was the only reactor system with an export and licensing business. Magnox had not survived in the export market. The Canadian Candu had yet to secure its first orders in India (1967), Argentina (1973) and Korea (1975). In the latter part of Phase I, orders were placed in several countries (Belgium, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland) for LWR plants of from 240 to 400 MW. The order for Oyster Creek had been a turning point.1 The years 1967–70 showed there was complete confidence in LWR performance. Orders were placed for much larger units, upwards of 600 MW in 1967 and 1150 MW in 1969, in the belief that they would provide cheaper power than any fossil-fuel plants. The standard of comparison was always oil, and the price of oil was still relatively low:2 the decision on the competitiveness of the LWR was made, before the rise of 1971, and long before the price explosion of 1973.
KeywordsEnergy Crisis Nuclear Plant Nuclear Programme Heavy Water Reactor Private Utility
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