Management of the Transportation Function

  • Graham Buxton


At a number of points throughout this book we have had occasion to observe that far too many companies fail to make an adequate or proper distinction between transport and distribution as areas of management activity. The argument is frequently put forward that distribution involves moving goods from the factory to the marketplace, and since transportation is the means by which such movement is known, the two areas are more or less the same. We have already seen, however, that such a conclusion is invalid, since it ignores all other activities affecting and affected by the decision as to how goods are actually to be moved between various points.


Transport Mode Vehicle Route Problem Road Transport Vehicle Route Freight Transport 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    The A licence was issued to public carriers who offered their services to others for reward; the B licence permitted operators to carry their own goods as well as on behalf of others, and was usually restricted either geographically or in terms of the types of goods carried; the C licence was granted to ‘own-account’ operators for private haulage purposes only.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Under the TIR Convention, relating to the international transport of goods, specifications are issued for the sealing of containers and semi-trailers so that they can move freely across frontiers. The authorisation is approved by the granting of TIR Carnets, which, in the UK., are issued by the Ministry of Transport.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ‘Vehicle Routing Cheapens Transport Costs’, Freight Management (July 1967) pp. 53–7.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See James L. Heskett, ‘A Missing Link in Physical Distribution System Design’, Journal of Marketing, vol. 30 (Oct. 1966) pp. 37–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    See, for example, D. Kirby, ‘Is Your Fleet the Right Size?’, Operational Research Quarterly, vol. 10 (1959)Google Scholar
  6. J. K. Wyatt, ‘Optimal Fleet Size’, Operational Research Quarterly, vol. 12 (1961)Google Scholar
  7. J. Gould, ‘The Size and Composition of a Road Transport Fleet’, Operational Research Quarterly, vol. 20 (1969) pp. 81–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Peter Alsbury, ‘The Vehicle Fleet Mix’, International Journal of Physical Distribution, vol. 2, no. 3 (June 1972) pp. 123–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 6.
    Robert H. Grimsley, ‘Work Study Applied to a Small Delivery Fleet’, Freight Management (Oct. 1967) pp. 52–5.Google Scholar
  10. 7.
    ‘Delivering the Food and Cutting Costs’, The Times, 17 Aug. 1970.Google Scholar
  11. 8.
    ‘The Cheapest Way from A to B’, Sunday Times, 25 Nov. 1973.Google Scholar
  12. 9.
    ‘Load Planning Without Computer Aid’, Freight Management (May 1969) pp. 68–9, 79–81.Google Scholar
  13. 10.
    ‘Load Planning Without Computer Aid’, p. 81.Google Scholar
  14. 11.
    J. E. Sussams, Industrial Logistics (London: Gower Press, 1969) p. 60.Google Scholar
  15. 12.
    Nicos Christofides, ‘Fixed Routes and Areas for Delivery Operations’, International Journal of Physical Distribution, vol. 1, no. 2 (Feb. 1971) pp. 87–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 13.
    G. Clarke and J. W. Wright, ‘Scheduling of Vehicles from a Central Depot to a Number of Delivery Points’, Operations Research, vol. 11 (1963) pp. 568–81.Google Scholar
  17. 14.
    N. Christofides and S. Eilon, ‘An Algorithm for the Vehicle-Dispatching Problem’, Operational Research Quarterly, vol. 20 (1969) pp. 309–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 15.
    N. Christofides, ‘Modern Methods of Vehicle Scheduling’, Freight Management (Nov. 1969) pp. 53–6.Google Scholar
  19. 16.
    An example would be where a local union agreement existed which stipulated that all drivers should be given delivery work on any one day, or where it was company policy to send all drivers out. At the other extreme, the number of vehicles available may be less than that given by the distance savings method, which seeks first to minimise mileage.Google Scholar
  20. 17.
    See G. Buxton and N. J. T. Quayle, ‘A New Approach to Depot Delivery Areas in Logistics Planning’, International Journal of Physical Distribution, vol. 1, no. 2 (Feb. 1971) pp. 106–9; and G. Buxton and N. J. T. Quayle, ‘Application of a New Approach to Depot Delivery Areas’ International Journal of Physical Distribution, vol. 1, no. 3 (June 1971) pp. 117–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 18.
    S. Eilon, C. D. T. Watson-Gandy and A. Heilbron, ‘A Vehicle Fleet Cost Model’, International Journal of Physical Distribution, vol. 1, no. 3 (June 1971) p. 127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Graham Buxton 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham Buxton

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