There should be little question that the Marxist movement in all its various shapes is the social and political doctrine of our age. There are exceptions to this rule, of course, and there are divisions in the Marxist camp to be sure; but to a remarkable degree the serious political ideas of our day are either pro-Marxist or anti-Marxist. Whether one prefers the opinion of Professor Acton that Marxism is the illusion of the epoch, or Professor Aron’s similar view that it is the opium of the intellectuals, or Sartre’s opposite view that it is the philosophy of our time, the fact of its pre-eminence is hardly in dispute.1 Whether one is pro-or anti-Marxist, the terms of one’s social rhetoric, the force of moral suasion, is likely to be dictated by some series of ideas derived, however clumsily. from Marx.


Class Struggle False Consciousness Moral Suasion Intellectual Tool Political Doctrine 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    H. Acton, The Illusion of the Epoch (London, 1955); Aron, The Opium of the Intellectuals;Google Scholar
  2. J.-P. Sartre, Search for a Method (London, 1963).Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    A. MacIntyre, Against the Self-Images of the Age (London, 1971).Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    A. MacIntyre, Marxism and Christianity (Harmondsworth, 1971).Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    I. Illich, Deschooling Society (London, 1971) pp. 105–16.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    C. J. Freidrich, Man and His Government: An Empirical Theory of Politics (London, 1963) p. 90.Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    See, for a different distinction, C. Arthur, ‘Two Kinds of Marxism’, Radical Philosophy, no. 1 (1972) pp. 25–8.Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    G. Lichtheim, Marxism: An Historical and Critical Study (London, 1961) esp. part VI.Google Scholar
  9. 8.
    See MacIntyre, Against the Self-Images of the Age, pp. 46–50.Google Scholar
  10. 9.
    S. Avineri, Karl Marx: The Social and Political Thought (Cambridge 1970)Google Scholar
  11. D. McLellan, Marx before Marxism (London, 1970) and The Young Hegelians and Karl Marx (London, 1968).Google Scholar
  12. 10.
    S. Ossowski, Class Structure in the Social Consciousness (London, 1963) part II.Google Scholar
  13. 11.
    Lichtheim, The Concept of Ideology; D. Bell, ‘Ideology and Soviet Politics’, G. Lichtheim, ‘Comments’, C. J. Friedrich, ‘Ideology in Politics: A Theoretical Comment’, and D. Bell, ‘Reply’, Slavic Review, XXIV, 1 (Mar 1965) 591–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 12.
    E. H. Carr, What Is History? London,) 1962) pp. 132–3.Google Scholar
  15. 13.
    V. I. Lenin, What Is to Be Done? (written in 1902) pp. 132–3.Google Scholar
  16. 14.
    Ibid., p. 40.Google Scholar
  17. 15.
    Bell, ‘Reply’ pp. 605–6.Google Scholar
  18. 16.
    Lichtheim, The Concept of Ideology p. 3.Google Scholar
  19. 17.
    Ibid., p. 17.Google Scholar
  20. 18.
    Ibid., p. 32.Google Scholar
  21. 19.
    H. Barth, Wahrheit und Ideologie (Zürich, 1961).Google Scholar
  22. 20.
    N. Harris, Beliefs in Society: The Problem of Ideology (London, 1961), pp. 2–6.Google Scholar
  23. 21.
    Ibid., p. 267.Google Scholar
  24. 22.
    Ibid., p. 2.Google Scholar
  25. 23.
    Ibid., p. 6.Google Scholar
  26. 24.
    Lenin, What Is to Be Done; A. Gramsci, The Modern Prince and Other Writings (New York, 1957).Google Scholar
  27. 25.
    MacIntyre, Against the Self-Images of the Age, chap. 1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© H. M. Drucker 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. M. Drucker
    • 1
  1. 1.University of EdinburghUK

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