• H. M. Drucker


We are in some danger of forgetting that there are two quite different Conservative traditions. For want of generally accepted names, I will call them ‘Continental bureaucratic’ and ‘Anglo-Saxon sceptical’ Conservatism. We, in English-speaking countries, are in danger of forgetting that there is such a distinction to be made because we have, for all real purposes, lost sight of the Continental variety. More the pity, because this lost variety has much to offer which we ought to remember. In order partly to keep the memory alive, but also in order to point to the inadequacies of our own variety of Conservatism, I mention it here.


Epistemological Belief Pleasant Picture Conservative Tradition Continental Variety Modem World 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    G. W. F. Hegel, The Philosophy of Right (Oxford, 1952) part III, ‘Civil Society’.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. P. Mayer, Political Thought: The European Tradition (London, 1939) p. 192.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See W. J. M. Mackenzie, The Study of Political Science Today (London, 1971) p. 14.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Oakeshott, Rationalism in Politics (London, 1962) p. 169.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Published together, ibid.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Crick, ‘The World of Michael Oakeshott: On the Lonely Nihilist’, Encounter, xx, 6 (June 1963) p. 68.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. L. Talmon, The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy (London, 1952)Google Scholar
  8. C. J. Friedrich and Brzezinski, Z. K., Totalitarian Dictatorship and Autocracy (London, 1956).Google Scholar
  9. 8.
    Ibid., pp. 80–1.Google Scholar
  10. 9.
    See also G. Sartori, ‘Politics, Ideology and Belief Systems’, American Political Science Review (June 1969) p. 403.Google Scholar
  11. 10.
    H. Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism (London, 1967).Google Scholar
  12. 11.
    Ibid., p. 470.Google Scholar
  13. 12.
    M. Cranston, The New Left (London, 1970)Google Scholar
  14. R. A. Dahl, After the Revolution (New Haven, 1971).Google Scholar
  15. 13.
    See also R. Cox, Ideology, Politics and Political Theory (Belmont, California) 1969, pp. 367 ff.Google Scholar
  16. 14.
    Oakeshott, Rationalism in Politics, p. 124.Google Scholar
  17. 15.
    Ibid., p. 133.Google Scholar
  18. 16.
    Ibid., p. 121.Google Scholar
  19. 17.
    L. Polspisil, ‘Legal Levels and the Multiplicity of Legal Systems in Human Societies’, Journal of Conflict Resolution, XI, 1 (Mar 1967) pp. 11–12.Google Scholar
  20. 18.
    M. Oakeshott, ‘Masses in Representative Democracy’, in A. Humbold, Freedom and Serfdom (Dordrecht, 1961) pp. 152–3.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© H. M. Drucker 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. M. Drucker
    • 1
  1. 1.University of EdinburghUK

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