Political Aspects of Modernisation
The subject of this paper is the role of government and politics in the modernisation process in general, and in Southern Africa in particular. As such, it focuses on the capacity of different political systems to absorb technological change and promote economic development. But as modernisation also embraces political development, this paper touches on the questions of nation-building and national integration, and the role of political parties and political élites in the modernisation process. The analysis itself of the political systems of Southern Africa is performed in terms of Apter’s typology of developmental political systems. The paper concludes with a cursory examination of the political configurations of Southern African regionalism and the relevance of this factor in the modernisation process.
KeywordsPolitical Party Political System Mobilisation System Political Development Party System
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