Bolshevik Ideas and Social Realities

  • Roger Pethybridge


The Bolshevik party was the prime political motivating force in the Soviet state and society in the 1920s. Since it was authoritarian, partly by choice, partly as the result of external pressures, both before and after it came into power in October 1917, it is natural that historians should have concentrated their attention above all on the party’s development, functions and power over a backward nation. They have tended to study Soviet history de haut en bas, politically speaking. Other factors have served to reinforce this approach. Increasing specialisation amongst historians in this century has led to what J. H. Hexter calls the ‘tunnel’ method. Historians ‘split the past into a series of tunnels, each continuous from the remote past to the present, but practically self-contained at every point and sealed off from contact with or contamination by anything that was going on in any of the other tunnels. At their entrances these tunnels bore signs saying diplomatic history, political history… and so on.’ 1 From the early days of foreign interest in Soviet affairs, the political tunnel has been dug the deepest, though it is rapidly being superseded by the economic tunnel, which is being increasingly and effectively exploited.


Social Reality Social History French Revolution Soviet Period Foreign Scholar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Chapter 1

  1. Aron, R., Eighteen Lectures on Industrial Society (London, 1967).Google Scholar
  2. Carr, E. H., A History of Soviet Russia, Socialism in One Country, 1924–1926, vol. I (London, 1958) pp. 89–136.Google Scholar
  3. Cobban, A., The Social Interpretation of the French Revolution (Cambridge, 1965).Google Scholar
  4. Daniels, R. V., ‘Intellectuals and the Russian Revolution’, in the American Slavic and East European Review (1961) pp. 270–8.Google Scholar
  5. Danilov, V. P. and Yakuboskaia, S. I., ‘Istochnikovedenie i izuchenie istorii sovetskogo obshchestva’, in Vo prosy Istorii, no. 5 (1961) pp. 3–24.Google Scholar
  6. Feldmesser, R. A., ‘The Persistence of Status Advantages in Soviet Russia’, in the American Journal of Sociology (1953) pp. 21–6.Google Scholar
  7. Gubenko, M. P., and Litvak, B. G., ‘Konkretnoe istochnikovedenie istorii sovetskogo obshchestva’, in Vo prosy Istorii, no. I (1965) PP. 5–6.Google Scholar
  8. Lane, D., Politics and Society in the USSR (London, 1970).Google Scholar
  9. Laqueur, W. Z., The Fate of the Revolution: Interpretations of Soviet History (London, 1967).Google Scholar
  10. Mosse, W. E., ‘Makers of the Soviet Union’, in the Slavonic and East European Review (1868) pp. 141–54.Google Scholar
  11. Ossowski, S., Class Structure in the Social Consciousness (London, 1963).Google Scholar
  12. Schueller, G. K., in H. D. Lasswell and D. Lerner (editors), World Revolutionary Elites: Studies in Coercive Ideological Movements (Cambridge, Mass., 1965).Google Scholar
  13. Sorlin, P., The Soviet People and Their Society: From 1917 to the Present (London, 1969).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Roger Pethybridge 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Pethybridge

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations