Estimation and Prediction in Dynamic Econometric Models

  • H. N. Johnston
  • L. R. Klein
  • K. Shinjo


The presence of lags and other dynamic operators in the equation systems of economics is known to be a complicating factor in many aspects of estimation theory, but accepted practice is to follow the ‘comforting’ asymptotic result of Mann and Wald [6] that maximum likelihood estimates of linear difference equation systems are based on the specification that lagged variables may be formally treated like exogenous variables. Mann and Wald required dynamic stability, normality of error, stability of the distribution, and other assumptions that are usually made.


Exogenous Variable Prediction Horizon Prediction Efficiency Prediction Period Quadratic Loss Function 
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Copyright information

© H. N. Johnston, L. R. Klein and K. Shinjo 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. N. Johnston
    • 1
  • L. R. Klein
    • 1
  • K. Shinjo
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PennsylvaniaUSA

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