Patterns of Location — I: Economic Status
In this chapter we use the theory of location developed in Chapter 3, to explain the way in which the distance from the centre at which a household finds its optimal location varies with its income, and hence, the existence of concentric zones differentiated by household income. Then, by modifying the theory to take account of the fact that ‘individuals prefer to interact with others who are socially similar to themselves’ (Anderson, 1962), we explain the existence of sectors differentiated by household income. We also show that the sectoral pattern is likely to exist in smaller cities while a pattern of concentric zones is more likely to occur in a large city. Finally, we explain the pattern of location of high-income households in the central city and the way in which this pattern may change over time.
KeywordsIncome Group Income Elasticity Residential Location Central Business District Concentric Zone
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