Science in the Study of Administration

  • W. J. M. Mackenzie


This paper is a report by a political scientist on a field of literature which has not been much visited by political scientists, the literature of scientific administration. This is very large; an amateur in it cannot in the time available to him read more than a sample, and the picture presented here is over-simplified because of this limitation, as well as because of the limits of space.


Natural Science Political Scientist Public Administration Motion Study Business Administration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 4.
    F. C. Hooper, Management Survey (Pitman, 1948 ), p. 99.Google Scholar


  1. Mary Parker Follett, The New State, 3rd impression, with an introduction by Lord Haldane (Longman’s, 1920).Google Scholar
  2. Mary Parker Follett, Dynamic Administrationcollected papers on business administration, ed. H C. Metcalf and L. Urwick (Management Publications Trust: London, 1945–9).Google Scholar
  3. L. Urwick and E. F. L. Brech, The Making of Scientific Management vol. (Management Publications Trust: London, 1945–9).Google Scholar
  4. Dwight Waldo, The Administrative State ( The Ronald Press Co.: N.Y., 1948 ).Google Scholar
  5. F. C. Hooper, Management Survey (Pitman, 1948 ).Google Scholar
  6. E. T. Elbourne, Fundamentals of Industrial Administration, 4th ed. (Macdonald and Evans, 1948 ).Google Scholar


  1. F. W. Taylor’s first influential papers (‘Shop Management’, 1903; ‘The Art of Cutting Metals’, 1906) are not very readily available. A good general survey is a symposium, Scientific Management in American Industry ed. for the Taylor Society (Harper: N.Y., 1929).Google Scholar
  2. Frank B. Gilbreth, Motion Study (D. Van Nostrand Co.) N.Y., 1911 ).Google Scholar
  3. Frank B. Gilbreth, Applied Motion Study (Routledge, 1919 ).Google Scholar
  4. (There are many text-books on modern practice.)Google Scholar

Deductive Theory

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  2. Oliver Sheldon, The Philosophy of Management (Pitman, 1924) ch. 2.Google Scholar
  3. J. C. Mooney and A. P. Reilley, Onward Industry; The Principles of Organisation (1931).Google Scholar
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  5. L. Urwick, The Elements of Administration ( Harper: N.Y., 1944 ).Google Scholar
  6. E. F. L. Brech, Management: its Nature & Significance, 2nd ed., (Pitman, 1947 ).Google Scholar

The Sociology of Administration

  1. Elton Mayo, The Human Problems of an Industrial Civilisation (Macmillan, 1933).Google Scholar
  2. Elton Mayo, The Social Problems of an Industrial Civilisation (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1949).Google Scholar
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  4. Chester Barnard, Organization and Management (Harvard University Press, 1948).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. F. J. Roethlisberger, W. J. Dickson and H. A. Wright, Management & the Worker, the detailed record of the. Wright, Management & the Worker, the detailed record of the ‘Hawthorne Experiment’ (Harvard University Press, 1941).Google Scholar
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  7. H. A. Simon, Administrative Behavior (Macmillan: N.Y., 1945 ).Google Scholar
  8. H. A. Simon, D. W. Smithburg, and V. A. Thompson, Public Administration ( Knopf: N.Y., 1950 ).Google Scholar
  9. M. T. Copeland and A. R. Towl, The Board of Directors & Business Management (Harvard School of Business Administration, 1947 ).Google Scholar
  10. W. B. D. Brown and W. Raphael, Managers, Men and Morale (Mac-donald and Evans, 1948).Google Scholar
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  12. M. L. Mace, The Growth & Development of Executives (Harvard University Press, 1950).Google Scholar
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  14. Elliot Jaques, The Changing Culture of a Factory (Tavistock Publications, 1951).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© W. J. M. Mackenzie 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. J. M. Mackenzie
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GlasgowUK

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