Politicians who unite with each other to maintain a party organization and contest election campaigns often disagree with each other about the policies that the country should follow. The policy preferences of voters and MPs show differences of opinion within each party, as well as between them. There are thus more ‘policy parties’ than there are electoral parties. In order to understand the role of party in government, one must consider how policy parties predominate in the victorious electoral party, as well as which electoral party wins a parliamentary majority.
KeywordsParty System Coalition Government Labour Government Labour Party Liberal Party
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