Political parties cannot claim that they are ready to govern the country, yet simultaneously claim immunity from enquiry by the government or the electorate about how they govern themselves. In the United States and in many European countries the affairs of parties are subject to legislation, and thus to judicial arbitration when disputes arise within a party or between aggrieved voters and party officials. The arguments against such regulation in Britain are twofold. Judges conventionally avoid intervening in the ‘political’ part of government, and party officials distrust expensive and unpredictable courts. In addition politicians profess scepticism about the usefulness of Acts of Parliament — at least when they are intended to regulate the parties themselves.
KeywordsTrade Union Labour Party Major Party Conservative Party Party Organization
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